The Role of Private-For-Hire Vehicles in Transit

  • Date Enacted: Aug 18, 2015


The first part documents the results of a national survey of PHVs. The results of this survey indicate a continuing trend toward diversification of PHV operators, a size distribution skewed toward smaller operations, heavy reliance on independent contractor drivers, and a high incidence of contracting (particularly among taxicab operators). The results also indicate that transit service contracting is not a significant source of PHV revenues. 

The second part of the report summarizes eight case studies and draws conclusions from the analysis of these case studies. The case study sites are Ann Arbor, Michigan; DuPage County, Illinois; Houston, Texas; Los Angeles, California; Montgomery County, Maryland; Portland, Oregon; Seattle, Washington; and the State of Wisconsin. The functional areas examined for these case studies consist of funding, the selection process, contract terms, general administration, public/private roles and responsibili- ties, regulatory requirements, and operations. 

This report includes a multimedia presentation on CD-ROM. This presentation provides information on the current services that PHVs provide in the public transit sector and showcases the case studies. 

The report should be useful to public and private transportation managers, metropolitan planning organizations, and other transportation decision makers at local, state, and federal levels.

To download the full report, go to TRB website here:

Overview excerpt sourced from report

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Document Types
  • Ann Arbor, Michigan, US
  • Los Angeles, California, US
  • Ann Arbor, Michigan, US
  • Houston, Texas, US
  • Montgomery, Maryland, US
  • DuPage, Illinois, US
  • Portland, Oregon, US
  • Seattle, Washington, US
  • Wisconsin, US
  • Wisconsin, US
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