Finland’s national parliament recently passed the Act on Transportation Services, which sets open data requirements for both public and private transportation providers, including all shared modes, taxis, and car rental operators. Likewise, departments of transportation (traffic) and parking authorities are required to share information. The Act also describes the “interoperability of data and information systems,” including the essential data requirements of mobility services. The goal is for users “to acquire the services of different service providers from a single place, i.e. to acquire their travel chain information from from a single point of sale.”
The first stage implements the interoperability of data and information systems (1 January 2018) and begins to enforce the standards on road-based systems (1 July 2018). The second stage will affect air, maritime and rail transport markets. Additionally, transport personnel qualifications are added in the second stage. The third stage will study the systems and presumably make adjustments, as necessary.
The open code will allow developers to create their own apps for different market segments. Per the Ministry of Transport and Communications program page, it will eventually incorporate the wider transportation landscape.
Representatives from the government presented a summary on the state of the early implementation.
A more thoroughgoing report, Lippu Project Report on Contractual Practices for Travel Chains Defined in the Act on Transport Services (Code of Conduct for Travel Chains), walks stakeholders through the each of the steps. The government also hosts the TrafficLab page that includes resources for the stakeholders and developers.